2nd Class City
in the Wade Hampton Census Area
- Area Type
- Current Population
- Population Comment
- 2013 DCCED Certified Estimate
- Pronunciation/Other Names
- a.k.a. Iqurmiut
- Census Designated Place (CDP)
- Borough/Census Area FIPS Code
- Place FIPS
Fisheries Participation and Earnings
- Salmon, Estimated Earnings $
- Salmon, Total Landed (Lbs.)
- All Fisheries, Estimated Earnings $
- All Fisheries, Total Landed (Lbs.)
Election, Recording, and Judicial Districts
- Senate District
- House District
- Judicial District
- Recording District
Facilities and Amenities
- Municipal Facilities & Utilities
- Piped Water, Piped Sewar, Electric, Health Clinic, Public Safety Building, Volunteer Fire
Geography and Climate
- Russian Mission is located on the west bank of the Yukon River in the Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta, 25 miles southeast of Marshall. It lies 70 air miles northeast of Bethel and 376 miles west of Anchorage.
- Community Map Available
- Map URL
- Sq Mi Land
- Sq Mi Water
- The climate exhibits a significant maritime influence. Temperatures range from -54 to 86 °F. Annual precipitation averages 16 inches, with 60 inches of snowfall. Heavy northern winds often limit air access in the fall and winter. The Lower Yukon is ice-free from mid-June through October.
History and Culture
- The first Russian American Company fur trading post on the Yukon River was established here in 1837. The settlement was recorded as an Eskimo village called "Ikogmiut," meaning "people of the point," in 1842 by the Russian explorer Zagoskin. The first Russian Orthodox mission in Interior Alaska was established here in 1857 by the Russian-Aleut priest Jacob Netzuetov. The mission was called "Pokrovskaya Mission," and the village name was changed to Russian Mission in 1900. It was often confused with a village on the Kuskokwim that was also called "Russian Mission" but was renamed Chuathbaluk. The city was incorporated in 1970.
- Russian Mission is a Yup'ik Eskimo village. Subsistence is the focus of the culture.
- Indigenous Language
- Central Yup'ik
- Federally Recognized Tribe
- Name of Federally Recognized Tribe
- Iqurmuit Traditional Council
- Local Option Restrictions
- Ban sale and importation of alcohol.
- Incorporation Type
- 2nd Class City
- Public Education
- Not permitted to provide this service.
- Planning, Platting and Land Use Regulation
- Not required to exercise the powers in any circumstance, but may be permitted in all cases in the manner described for first class cities.
- Property Tax Powers
- May tax up to 20 mills, except where a higher levy is required to avoid default. Voter approval required.
- Sales Tax Powers
- No limit on the rate of levy of sales taxes; however, voter approval is required.
- Other Powers Not Prohibited
- May exercise other powers not prohibited by law.
- City Council or Assembly Composition and Apportionment
- 7 members elected at-large, except the council may provide for election other than at-large.
- Election and Term of Mayor
- Elected from the city council for a 1-year term, unless a longer term is provided by ordinance. Mayor selected by council (or by voters upon adoption of ordinance).
- Vote by Mayor
- Votes on all matters.
- Veto Power of the Mayor
- Does not have veto power.
- Power of Eminent Domain
- Permitted, but requires voter approval.
- Ability to Attain Home-Rule Status
- May not adopt home-rule charter without first reclassifying to a first-class city.
- Russian Mission's location on the Yukon River allows barge and small boat travel during the summer. Passengers, mail, and light goods arrive primarily by air. A gravel airstrip and seaplane landing area are owned and operated by the state. Scheduled daily flights are available. Snow machines are used in inter-village transportation in the winter, and a trail is marked to Kalskag (25 mi). As of May 2014, some of the communities roads were in need of repair due to damage from flooding.
- State Ferry
- Cargo Barge
- Road Connection