2nd Class City
in the Nome Census Area
- Area Type
- Current Population
- Population Comment
- 2013 DCCED Certified Estimate
- Pronunciation/Other Names
- (gah' loh vin); a.k.a. Chinik
- Census Designated Place (CDP)
- Borough/Census Area FIPS Code
- Place FIPS
Election, Recording, and Judicial Districts
- Senate District
- House District
- Judicial District
- Recording District
- Cape Nome
Facilities and Amenities
- Municipal Facilities & Utilities
- Watering Point, Water Delivery, School Water, Sewage Haul, Septic Pumping, Washeteria, Electric, Police, Volunteer Fire, Fire Station, Health Clinic, Post Office (federal contract), Fuel Sales, Equipment Lease, Roads, Recreation, Snowmachine Shop
Geography and Climate
- Golovin is located on a point of land between Golovnin Bay and Golovnin Lagoon on the Seward Peninsula. It is 70 miles east of Nome.
- Community Map Available
- Map URL
- Sq Mi Land
- Sq Mi Water
- Marine climatic influences prevail during the summer when the sea is ice-free. Summer temperatures average 40 to 60 °F; winter temperatures average -2 to 19 °F. Extremes from -40 to 80 °F have been recorded. Average annual precipitation is 19 inches, with 40 inches of snowfall. Golovnin Bay is frozen from early November to mid-May.
History and Culture
- The Eskimo village of "Chinik," located at the present site of Golovin, was originally settled by the Kauweramiut Eskimos who later mixed with the Unaligmiut Eskimos. Golovin was named for Captain Vasili Golovnin of the Russian Navy. In 1887, the Mission Covenant of Sweden established a church and school south of the current site. Around 1890, John Dexter established a trading post that became the center for prospecting information for the entire Seward Peninsula. When gold was discovered in 1898 at Council, Golovin became a supply point for the gold fields. Supplies were shipped from Golovin across Golovnin Lagoon and up the Fish and Niukluk Rivers to Council. A post office was opened in 1899. Reindeer herding was an integral part of the missions in the area in the 1900s. The city was incorporated in 1971.
- Golovin is an Inupiat Eskimo village with a fishing, herding, and subsistence lifestyle.
- Indigenous Language
- Central Yup'ik, Inupiaq
- Federally Recognized Tribe
- Name of Federally Recognized Tribe
- Chinik Eskimo Community
- Local Option Restrictions
- Ban sale and importation of alcohol.
- Incorporation Type
- 2nd Class City
- Public Education
- Not permitted to provide this service.
- Planning, Platting and Land Use Regulation
- Not required to exercise the powers in any circumstance, but may be permitted in all cases in the manner described for first class cities.
- Property Tax Powers
- May tax up to 20 mills, except where a higher levy is required to avoid default. Voter approval required.
- Sales Tax Powers
- No limit on the rate of levy of sales taxes; however, voter approval is required.
- Other Powers Not Prohibited
- May exercise other powers not prohibited by law.
- City Council or Assembly Composition and Apportionment
- 7 members elected at-large, except the council may provide for election other than at-large.
- Election and Term of Mayor
- Elected from the city council for a 1-year term, unless a longer term is provided by ordinance. Mayor selected by council (or by voters upon adoption of ordinance).
- Vote by Mayor
- Votes on all matters.
- Veto Power of the Mayor
- Does not have veto power.
- Power of Eminent Domain
- Permitted, but requires voter approval.
- Ability to Attain Home-Rule Status
- May not adopt home-rule charter without first reclassifying to a first-class city.
- Since there are no roads connecting the city with other areas, access to Golovin is limited to air and sea. However, in the winter the village can also be accessed over land or ice. Both scheduled and chartered flights are available from Nome. A cargo ship brings supplies once each summer from Nome. Locals are interested in a road to White Mountain. The airport was recently relocated, and a new state-owned airport with a gravel runway is available. Scheduled and chartered flights are available (weather permitting) daily from Nome. Barges cannot currently land at Golovin because there is no dock. Supplies are lightered from Nome and offloaded on the beach. There is a small boat dock and a concrete boat ramp.
- State Ferry
- Cargo Barge
- Road Connection