2nd Class City
in the Wade Hampton Census Area
- Area Type
- Current Population
- Population Comment
- 2013 DCCED Certified Estimate
- Pronunciation/Other Names
- (skamm' in)
- Census Designated Place (CDP)
- Borough/Census Area FIPS Code
- Place FIPS
Fisheries Participation and Earnings
Election, Recording, and Judicial Districts
- Senate District
- House District
- Judicial District
- Recording District
Facilities and Amenities
- Municipal Facilities & Utilities
- Piped Water and Sewer, Electric (AVEC), Landfill, Dock, Police, Volunteer Fire, Roads, Building Rental, Equipment Rental
Geography and Climate
- Scammon Bay is on the south bank of the Kun River, one mile from the Bering Sea. It lies to the north of the 2,300-foot Askinuk Mountains on the Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta.
- Community Map Available
- Map URL
- Sq Mi Land
- Sq Mi Water
- The area's climate is maritime. Temperatures range between -25 and 79 °F. Annual precipitation averages 14 inches, with 65 inches of snowfall. Severe easterly winds during the fall and winter limit accessibility. The Bering Sea is ice-free from mid-June through October.
History and Culture
- It was known in Eskimo as "Maraayaq," and its residents were called "Maraayarmiut." The nearby bay was named after Capt. Charles Scammon, who served as the marine chief of the Western Union Telegraph Expedition from 1856 to 67. The name came into use when the Scammon Bay Post Office was established in 1951. The city government was incorporated in 1967.
- Scammon Bay is a Yup'ik Eskimo community that relies on fishing and subsistence activities. Most residents travel 50 miles to the north to the Black River each summer for fish camp.
- Indigenous Language
- Central Yup'ik
- Federally Recognized Tribe
- Name of Federally Recognized Tribe
- Native Village of Scammon Bay
- Local Option Restrictions
- Ban sale, importation, and possession of alcohol.
- Incorporation Type
- 2nd Class City
- Public Education
- Not permitted to provide this service.
- Planning, Platting and Land Use Regulation
- Not required to exercise the powers in any circumstance, but may be permitted in all cases in the manner described for first class cities.
- Property Tax Powers
- May tax up to 20 mills, except where a higher levy is required to avoid default. Voter approval required.
- Sales Tax Powers
- No limit on the rate of levy of sales taxes; however, voter approval is required.
- Other Powers Not Prohibited
- May exercise other powers not prohibited by law.
- City Council or Assembly Composition and Apportionment
- 7 members elected at-large, except the council may provide for election other than at-large.
- Election and Term of Mayor
- Elected from the city council for a 1-year term, unless a longer term is provided by ordinance. Mayor selected by council (or by voters upon adoption of ordinance).
- Vote by Mayor
- Votes on all matters.
- Veto Power of the Mayor
- Does not have veto power.
- Power of Eminent Domain
- Permitted, but requires voter approval.
- Ability to Attain Home-Rule Status
- May not adopt home-rule charter without first reclassifying to a first-class city.
- Scammon Bay is accessible by air and water. A state-owned gravel airstrip and city-owned seaplane base on the Kun River serve air traffic. Barges bring in bulk supplies each summer. Winter trails exist to Hooper Bay (32 mi) and Chevak (25 mi). Snow machines and skiffs are the primary means of local transportation. In November 2013, the city experienced a flooding event that damaged sections of the dock roads and washed out other areas of the road. As of May 2014, a project to improve existing roads was underway.
- State Ferry
- Cargo Barge
- Road Connection