2nd Class City
in the Northwest Arctic Borough
- Area Type
- Current Population
- Population Comment
- 2013 DCCED Certified Estimate
- Pronunciation/Other Names
- (key ann' uh)
- Census Designated Place (CDP)
- Borough/Census Area FIPS Code
- Place FIPS
Election, Recording, and Judicial Districts
- Senate District
- House District
- Judicial District
- Recording District
Facilities and Amenities
- Municipal Facilities & Utilities
- Piped Water, Watering Point, Piped Sewer, Electric (AVEC), Landfill, Health Clinic, Police, Public Safety Building, Volunteer Fire, Fire Hall, Dock, Cable TV, City Office, Bingo Hall, Old Bingo Hall, Roads, Fuel Sales, Equipment Rental
Geography and Climate
- Kiana is located on the north bank of the Kobuk River, 57 air miles east of Kotzebue.
- Community Map Available
- Map URL
- Sq Mi Land
- Sq Mi Water
- Kiana is located in the transitional climate zone. Temperatures average -10 to 15 °F during winter and 40 to 60 °F during summer. Temperature extremes have been recorded from -54 to 87 °F. Snowfall averages 60 inches, with 16 inches of total precipitation per year. The Kobuk River is navigable from the end of May to early October.
History and Culture
- Katyaaq means ?a place where rivers meet.? It was established long ago as the central village of the Kobuk River Kowagmiut Inupiat Eskimos. In 1909, it became a supply center for the Squirrel River placer mines. A post office was established 1915. The city government was incorporated in 1964. Prior to the formation of the Northwest Arctic Borough in 1976, the BIA high school taught students from Noatak, Shugnak, Kobuk, and Ambler, who boarded with local residents.
- Kiana is a traditional Inupiat Eskimo village practicing a subsistence lifestyle. Sale of alcohol is restricted to city qualified permit holders.
- Indigenous Language
- Federally Recognized Tribe
- Name of Federally Recognized Tribe
- Native Village of Kiana
- Local Option Restrictions
- Sale by municipality operated license only: Package Store Only with Distribution Center
- Incorporation Type
- 2nd Class City
- Public Education
- Not permitted to provide this service.
- Planning, Platting and Land Use Regulation
- Not required to exercise the powers in any circumstance, but may be permitted in all cases in the manner described for first class cities.
- Property Tax Powers
- May tax up to 20 mills, except where a higher levy is required to avoid default. Voter approval required.
- Sales Tax Powers
- No limit on the rate of levy of sales taxes; however, voter approval is required.
- Other Powers Not Prohibited
- May exercise other powers not prohibited by law.
- City Council or Assembly Composition and Apportionment
- 7 members elected at-large, except the council may provide for election other than at-large.
- Election and Term of Mayor
- Elected from the city council for a 1-year term, unless a longer term is provided by ordinance. Mayor selected by council (or by voters upon adoption of ordinance).
- Vote by Mayor
- Votes on all matters.
- Veto Power of the Mayor
- Does not have veto power.
- Power of Eminent Domain
- Permitted, but requires voter approval.
- Ability to Attain Home-Rule Status
- May not adopt home-rule charter without first reclassifying to a first-class city.
- Kiana is primarily accessible by air, as well as small boat and snowmobile. The state-owned Bob Baker Memorial Airport has a gravel runway. Daily scheduled flights and charter flights are provided by Bering Air, ERA Alaska, and Ryan Air Service. Crowley Marine Services barges fuel and supplies to Kiana each summer, and local store owners have large boats to bring supplies upriver. Local transportation takes place using boats, ATVs, snowmobiles, and some trucks owned locally. A road connects Kiana to Kobuk camp, and a network of old trading trails is still in use.
- State Ferry
- Cargo Barge
- Road Connection