in the Valdez-Cordova Census Area
- Area Type
- Place of Interest
- Current Population
- Population Comment
- 2013 Department of Labor Estimate
- Pronunciation/Other Names
- (tawn see' nuh); a.k.a. Lower Tonsina
- Census Designated Place (CDP)
- Borough/Census Area FIPS Code
- Place FIPS
Election, Recording, and Judicial Districts
- Judicial District
- Recording District
Facilities and Amenities
Geography and Climate
- Tonsina is located at mile 79 on the Richardson Highway, south of the Tonsina River, next to Kenny Lake, 52 miles northeast of Valdez.
- Community Map Available
- Sq Mi Land
- Sq Mi Water
- Tonsina lies in the continental climate zone, characterized by about 20 inches of average annual precipitation and an average temperature of about 22 °F. Temperature extremes are greater in the Continental zone than in the other climatic zones. The coldest month in 2013 was December, with a mean minimum temperature of -10.7 °F. The warmest month was June, with a mean maximum temperature of 72.3 °F.
- Weather Station Name
- Max. Daily Precipitation (Inches)
- Total Precipitation (Inches)
- Max. Measured Snow Depth (Inches)
- Total Snowfall (Inches)
- Max. Daily Temperature (°F)
- Min. Daily Temperature (°F)
History and Culture
- A post office, general store, and U.S. Army Signal Corps telegraph station were established here in 1902. The Tonsina Lodge was built in 1903 along the Valdez-Eagle Trail; it burned in 1928. The Tiekel Lodge and Tsaina Lodge were also built in this area. Development began during the oil era. Pump Station 12 was constructed nearby to move oil over Thompsen Pass to the pipeline terminal in Valdez.
- There is no clearly-defined community in Tonsina; it is best characterized as an occupied geographic area.
- Indigenous Language
- Federally Recognized Tribe
- Tonsina is connected to the remainder of the state road system by the Richardson Highway. A state-owned airstrip is available at Upper Tonsina, and other airstrips are in the vicinity.
- State Ferry
- Cargo Barge
- Road Connection