2nd Class City
in the Northwest Arctic Borough
- Area Type
- Current Population
- Population Comment
- 2013 DCCED Certified Estimate
- Pronunciation/Other Names
- (buck' lund)
- Census Designated Place (CDP)
- Borough/Census Area FIPS Code
- Place FIPS
Election, Recording, and Judicial Districts
- Senate District
- House District
- Judicial District
- Recording District
- Cape Nome
Facilities and Amenities
- Municipal Facilities & Utilities
- Water, Sewer, Flush Haul, Washeteria, Electric, Refuse Collection, Landfill, Health Clinic, Police (VPO), Volunteer Fir, Public Safety Office, Dock, Roads, Ice Roads, Recreation, Cable TV, Gravel Sales, Sewar Lagoon
Geography and Climate
- Buckland is located on the west bank of the Buckland River, about 75 miles southeast of Kotzebue.
- Community Map Available
- Map URL
- Sq Mi Land
- Sq Mi Water
- Buckland is located in the transitional climate zone, which is characterized by long, cold winters and cool summers. Temperatures range from -60 to the 85 °F. Annual precipitation averages 9 inches, and annual snowfall averages 40 inches. Crosswinds can restrict flying during the winter.
History and Culture
- The residents have moved from one site to another along the river at least five times in recent memory, to places known as Elephant Point, Old Buckland, and New Site. The presence of many fossil finds at Elephant Point indicate prehistoric occupation of the area. The Inupiaq Eskimos depend on reindeer, beluga whale, and seal for survival. The city government was incorporated in 1966.
- Buckland is an Inupiat Eskimo village, and subsistence activities are an important focus of the economy.
- Indigenous Language
- Federally Recognized Tribe
- Name of Federally Recognized Tribe
- Native Village of Buckland
- Local Option Restrictions
- Ban sale and importation of alcohol.
- Incorporation Type
- 2nd Class City
- Public Education
- Not permitted to provide this service.
- Planning, Platting and Land Use Regulation
- Not required to exercise the powers in any circumstance, but may be permitted in all cases in the manner described for first class cities.
- Property Tax Powers
- May tax up to 20 mills, except where a higher levy is required to avoid default. Voter approval required.
- Sales Tax Powers
- No limit on the rate of levy of sales taxes; however, voter approval is required.
- Other Powers Not Prohibited
- May exercise other powers not prohibited by law.
- City Council or Assembly Composition and Apportionment
- 7 members elected at-large, except the council may provide for election other than at-large.
- Election and Term of Mayor
- Elected from the city council for a 1-year term, unless a longer term is provided by ordinance. Mayor selected by council (or by voters upon adoption of ordinance).
- Vote by Mayor
- Votes on all matters.
- Veto Power of the Mayor
- Does not have veto power.
- Power of Eminent Domain
- Permitted, but requires voter approval.
- Ability to Attain Home-Rule Status
- May not adopt home-rule charter without first reclassifying to a first-class city.
- Buckland's major means of transportation are plane, small boat, barge, and snow machine; there are no roads outside of the village. Buckland has a state-owned gravel airstrip, which serves a number of scheduled and chartered flights. Crowley Marine barges in fuel and various lighterage companies deliver cargo and supplies each summer.
- State Ferry
- Cargo Barge
- Road Connection