2nd Class City
in the Bethel Census Area
- Area Type
- Current Population
- Population Comment
- 2013 DCCED Certified Estimate
- Pronunciation/Other Names
- (kal' skag); a.k.a. Kalskag
- Census Designated Place (CDP)
- Borough/Census Area FIPS Code
- Place FIPS
Election, Recording, and Judicial Districts
- Senate District
- House District
- Judicial District
- Recording District
Facilities and Amenities
- Municipal Facilities & Utilities
- Watering Point, Piped Sewar, (YKHC RUC), Electric (AVEC), Health Clinic, Public Safety Officer, Bulk Fuel Facility and Operation, AVEC Operators
Geography and Climate
History and Culture
- In 1898, Nicholas Kameroff, Sr., Olinga (Avakumoff) Kameroff, and their eight children first settled the community. The village was a fish camp known as "Kessiglik." Around 1900, residents of "Kalthagamute" began to move to the village. In 1930 the BIA established a government school, and by 1932 residents of neighboring communities had relocated to Kalskag. In 1940 Paul Kameroff, Sr., established a general store, post office, coffee shop, and barging company. At this time, the community owned and worked a herd of 2,100 reindeer. During the 1930s, Russian Orthodox practitioners in the village relocated to establish Lower Kalskag, three miles to the southwest. The villagers who remained were primarily Roman Catholic practitioners. The city was incorporated in 1975.
- Upper Kalskag is a Yup'ik Eskimo village that was strongly influenced by the Roman Catholic Church. Today, subsistence activities are an important component of the lifestyle.
- Federally Recognized Tribe
- Name of Federally Recognized Tribe
- Village of Kalskag
- Local Option Restrictions
- Sale of alcohol is banned.
- Incorporation Type
- 2nd Class City
- Public Education
- Not permitted to provide this service.
- Planning, Platting and Land Use Regulation
- Not required to exercise the powers in any circumstance, but may be permitted in all cases in the manner described for first class cities.
- Property Tax Powers
- May tax up to 20 mills, except where a higher levy is required to avoid default. Voter approval required.
- Sales Tax Powers
- No limit on the rate of levy of sales taxes; however, voter approval is required.
- Other Powers Not Prohibited
- May exercise other powers not prohibited by law.
- City Council or Assembly Composition and Apportionment
- 7 members elected at-large, except the council may provide for election other than at-large.
- Election and Term of Mayor
- Elected from the city council for a 1-year term, unless a longer term is provided by ordinance. Mayor selected by council (or by voters upon adoption of ordinance).
- Vote by Mayor
- Votes on all matters.
- Veto Power of the Mayor
- Does not have veto power.
- Power of Eminent Domain
- Permitted, but requires voter approval.
- Ability to Attain Home-Rule Status
- May not adopt home-rule charter without first reclassifying to a first-class city.
- A state-maintained 4.2-mile gravel road connects Upper and Lower Kalskag. The Kuskokwim River affords easy access by skiff in summer and snow machine in winter. Barges deliver cargo and bulk fuel during the summer. The state-owned gravel airstrip is shared by Kalskag and Lower Kalskag. Daily scheduled air services deliver passengers, mail, and other cargo year-round. Winter trails exist to Russian Mission (25 mi) and Aniak (15 mi).
- State Ferry
- Cargo Barge
- Road Connection