2nd Class City
in the Bethel Census Area
- Area Type
- Current Population
- Population Comment
- 2013 DCCED Certified Estimate
- Pronunciation/Other Names
- (tuck' sook); a.k.a. Nunakauyak
- Census Designated Place (CDP)
- Borough/Census Area FIPS Code
- Place FIPS
Election, Recording, and Judicial Districts
- Senate District
- House District
- Judicial District
- Recording District
Facilities and Amenities
- Municipal Facilities & Utilities
- Piped Water and Sewer, Electric (AVEC), Refuse Collection, Landfill, Volunteer Fire, Public Safety Facility, Peer Outreach Counselor,Airport (State Contract), Boat Haul-Out, Roads, Bingo/Pull Tabs, Vehicle Rentals. State-funded Public Safety Officer (VPSO).
Geography and Climate
- Toksook Bay is one of three villages located on Nelson Island, which lies 115 miles northwest of Bethel. It is on Kangirlvar Bay, across the water from Nunivak Island. Tununak is about 8 miles to the northwest.
- Toksook is located in a marine climate. Annual precipitation averages 22 inches, with 43 inches of snowfall. Summer temperatures range from 41 to 57 °F, and winter temperatures run 6 to 24 °F.
- Community Map Available
- Map URL
- Sq Mi Land
- Sq Mi Water
History and Culture
- The area has been inhabited and utilized by Yup'iks for thousands of years. Toksook Bay was established in 1964 along the Tuqsuk River by residents of Nightmute. Cyril Chanar, Tom Sunny, and Nasgauq Tangkaq were the earliest inhabitants. Toksook Bay was settled to be more accessible to the annual freighter ship, the North Star. The city was incorporated in 1972.
- Toksook Bay is a traditional Yup'ik Eskimo community with a reliance on fishing and subsistence activities.
- Federally Recognized Tribe
- Name of Federally Recognized Tribe
- Nunakauyarmiut Tribe
- Local Option Restrictions
- Ban sale, importation, and possession of alcohol.
- Incorporation Type
- 2nd Class City
- Public Education
- Not permitted to provide this service.
- Planning, Platting and Land Use Regulation
- Not required to exercise the powers in any circumstance, but may be permitted in all cases in the manner described for first class cities.
- Property Tax Powers
- May tax up to 20 mills, except where a higher levy is required to avoid default. Voter approval required.
- Sales Tax Powers
- No limit on the rate of levy of sales taxes; however, voter approval is required.
- Other Powers Not Prohibited
- May exercise other powers not prohibited by law.
- City Council or Assembly Composition and Apportionment
- 7 members elected at-large, except the council may provide for election other than at-large.
- Election and Term of Mayor
- Elected from the city council for a 1-year term, unless a longer term is provided by ordinance. Mayor selected by council (or by voters upon adoption of ordinance).
- Vote by Mayor
- Votes on all matters.
- Veto Power of the Mayor
- Does not have veto power.
- Power of Eminent Domain
- Permitted, but requires voter approval.
- Ability to Attain Home-Rule Status
- May not adopt home-rule charter without first reclassifying to a first-class city.
- A state-owned gravel airstrip provides year-round scheduled and chartered service. Fishing boats, skiffs, snow machines, and ATVs are used by residents for local travel. Winter trails with markers exist to Nightmute (20 mi), Tununak (8 mi), Newtok (40 mi), and Chefornak (50 mi). There are no docking facilities, but boat haul-out services are available. Barges deliver goods during the summer months.
- State Ferry
- Cargo Barge
- Road Connection