2nd Class City
in the Dillingham Census Area
- Area Type
- Current Population
- Population Comment
- 2013 DCCED Certified Estimate
- Pronunciation/Other Names
- (ah leck' nuh gick)
- Census Designated Place (CDP)
- Borough/Census Area FIPS Code
- Place FIPS
Election, Recording, and Judicial Districts
- Senate District
- House District
- Judicial District
- Recording District
- Bristol Bay
Facilities and Amenities
- Municipal Facilities & Utilities
- Piped Sewer, Septic Pumping, Landfills,(North and South Shores) Sewage Lagoon (North Shore) Volunteer Fire/ EMS, Health Clinic (North & South) Airport (State Contract), Dock, Boat Haul & Storage, Senior Center, Transportation, Roads ( State Contract) Post Office, Gravel sales, Equipment Rentals, State Funded Public Safety Officer, City Shop.
Geography and Climate
- Aleknagik is located at the head of Wood River on the southeast end of Lake Aleknagik, 16 miles northwest of Dillingham.
- Community Map Available
- Map URL
- Sq Mi Land
- Sq Mi Water
- Aleknagik is in a transitional climate zone. The primary influence is maritime, although a continental climate does affect the weather here. Average summer temperatures range from 30 to 66 °F. Average winter temperatures range from 4 to 30 °F. Average annual precipitation is 20 to 35 inches, and average annual snowfall is 93 inches. Fog and low clouds are common during July and August and may preclude access. The lake and river are ice-free from June through mid-November.
History and Culture
- Wood River and Aleknagik Lake have been used historically as summer fish camps. Aleknagik means "Wrong Way Home," because Natives returning to their homes along the Nushagak River would sometimes become lost in the fog and find themselves swept up the Wood River with the tide, inadvertently arriving at Aleknagik Lake. The 1929 U.S. Census found 55 people living in the "Wood River Village" area to the south. In 1930, there were five families living on the shores of the lake year-round: the Waskeys, Polleys, Hansons, Yakos, and Smiths. A log cabin territorial school was built on the south shore of the lake in 1933, and Josie Waskey was the first teacher. Attracted by the school, other facilities, and plentiful fish, game, and timber, a number of families from Goodnews, Togiak, and Kulukak relocated to Aleknagik. A post office was established in 1937. A two-story framed school with a teacher apartment was constructed in 1938. By 1939, Aleknagik had 78 residents, over 30 buildings, and a small sawmill. In the late 1940s, a Seventh-Day Adventist mission and school was established on the north shore. During the 1950s, a Moravian church and a Russian Orthodox church were built in Aleknagik and over 35 families lived along the lake. In 1959, the state constructed a 25-mile road connecting the south shore to Dillingham. The road was passable only during the summer months, until the late 1980s, when it was upgraded and maintained year-round. The city was incorporated in 1973. Over 24 additional square miles were annexed to the city in April 2000.
- It is a traditional Yup'ik Eskimo area, with historical influences from the Seventh-Day Adventists, Russian Orthodox, and Moravians. Fishing and subsistence activities are practiced.
- Indigenous Language
- Central Yup'ik
- Federally Recognized Tribe
- Name of Federally Recognized Tribe
- Native Village of Aleknagik
- Local Option Restrictions
- Sale by specific type of license only: Outdoor Recreation Lodge License Only
- Incorporation Type
- 2nd Class City
- Public Education
- Not permitted to provide this service.
- Planning, Platting and Land Use Regulation
- Not required to exercise the powers in any circumstance, but may be permitted in all cases in the manner described for first class cities.
- Property Tax Powers
- May tax up to 20 mills, except where a higher levy is required to avoid default. Voter approval required.
- Sales Tax Powers
- No limit on the rate of levy of sales taxes; however, voter approval is required.
- Other Powers Not Prohibited
- May exercise other powers not prohibited by law.
- City Council or Assembly Composition and Apportionment
- 7 members elected at-large, except the council may provide for election other than at-large.
- Election and Term of Mayor
- Elected from the city council for a 1-year term, unless a longer term is provided by ordinance. Mayor selected by council (or by voters upon adoption of ordinance).
- Vote by Mayor
- Votes on all matters.
- Veto Power of the Mayor
- Does not have veto power.
- Power of Eminent Domain
- Permitted, but requires voter approval.
- Ability to Attain Home-Rule Status
- May not adopt home-rule charter without first reclassifying to a first-class city.
- Aleknagik is the only village in the region with surface access to Dillingham via the 22-mile Aleknagik Lake Road, which was paved in 2004. Regular flights from Dillingham arrive at the New Aleknagik airport. The city owns and operates a 100' dock on the north shore of Aleknagik Lake, which is not road-accessible. A breakwater, barge landing, boat launch ramp and boatlift are also available on the north shore. Moody's Marina serves as a fueling station for boats and seaplanes. Skiffs are used to travel to Dillingham, across the lake. The Lake Aleknagik State Recreation Site on the south shore, the gateway to Wood-Tikchik state parks, has a boat launch and float plane accommodations. An ice road connects north and south shores in the winter. Several barge companies provide lighterage service from Dillingham to Aleknagik via the Wood River. Vehicles, skiffs and ATVs and snow machines are the most frequent means of local transportation.
- State Ferry
- Cargo Barge
- Road Connection