2nd Class City
in the Nome Census Area
- Area Type
- Current Population
- Population Comment
- 2013 DCCED Certified Estimate
- Pronunciation/Other Names
- (koy' yuck)
- Census Designated Place (CDP)
- Borough/Census Area FIPS Code
- Place FIPS
Election, Recording, and Judicial Districts
- Senate District
- House District
- Judicial District
- Recording District
- Cape Nome
Facilities and Amenities
- Municipal Facilities & Utilities
- Piped Water, Watering Point, Piped Sewar, Honey Bucket Hauling, Washeteria, Electric(AVEC), Refuse Collection, Landfill, Health Clinic, Public Safety Building, Volunteer Fire Station, Airport (State Contract), Cable TV, Library, Roads, Bingo, State Funded Public Safety Officer (VPSO)
Geography and Climate
- Koyuk is located at the mouth of the Koyuk River, at the northeastern end of Norton Bay on the Seward Peninsula, 90 air miles northeast of Nome.
- Community Map Available
- Map URL
- Sq Mi Land
- Sq Mi Water
- Koyuk has a subarctic climate with a maritime influence. Average summer temperatures range from 46 to 62 °F; winter temperatures average -8 to 8 °F. Annual precipitation averages 19 inches, with 40 inches of snowfall. Extremes from -49 to 87 °F have been recorded. Norton Bay is usually ice-free from May to October.
History and Culture
- The site of "Iyatayet" on Cape Denbigh to the south has traces of human habitation that are 6,000 to 8,000 years old. Villagers were historically nomadic. Lt. Zagoskin of the Russian Navy noted the village of "Kuynkhak-miut" here in 1842-44. A Western Union Telegraph expedition in 1865 found the village of "Konyukmute." Around 1900, the present townsite, where supplies could easily be lightered to shore, began to be populated. Two boomtowns grew up in the Koyuk region around 1914: Dime Landing and Haycock. The "Norton Bay Station," 40 miles upriver, was established to supply miners and residents in 1915. In addition to gold, coal was mined a mile upriver to supply steam ships and for export to Nome. The first school began in the church in 1915; the U.S. Government built a school in Koyuk in 1928. The city was incorporated in 1970.
- Koyuk is a traditional Unalit and Malemiut Eskimo village who people speak a dialect of Inupiat Eskimo. Residents maintain a subsistence lifestyle.
- Indigenous Language
- Federally Recognized Tribe
- Name of Federally Recognized Tribe
- Native Village of Koyuk
- Local Option Restrictions
- Ban sale and importation of alcohol.
- Incorporation Type
- 2nd Class City
- Public Education
- Not permitted to provide this service.
- Planning, Platting and Land Use Regulation
- Not required to exercise the powers in any circumstance, but may be permitted in all cases in the manner described for first class cities.
- Property Tax Powers
- May tax up to 20 mills, except where a higher levy is required to avoid default. Voter approval required.
- Sales Tax Powers
- No limit on the rate of levy of sales taxes; however, voter approval is required.
- Other Powers Not Prohibited
- May exercise other powers not prohibited by law.
- City Council or Assembly Composition and Apportionment
- 7 members elected at-large, except the council may provide for election other than at-large.
- Election and Term of Mayor
- Elected from the city council for a 1-year term, unless a longer term is provided by ordinance. Mayor selected by council (or by voters upon adoption of ordinance).
- Vote by Mayor
- Votes on all matters.
- Veto Power of the Mayor
- Does not have veto power.
- Power of Eminent Domain
- Permitted, but requires voter approval.
- Ability to Attain Home-Rule Status
- May not adopt home-rule charter without first reclassifying to a first-class city.
- There are no roads connecting Koyuk with other villages, regular access is primarily limited to air and sea. Supplies arrive from Nome and are lightered to shore. The lack of an extensive road system increases the importance of the winter trail system. The most well-known trail is the 1,151 mile Iditarod trail from Anchorage to Nome. This trail connects the villages of Unalakleet, Shaktoolik, Koyuk, White Mountain, Koyuk, and Elim. There is also a trail connecting Koyuk to Buckland, and a coastal route between Stebbins and St. Michael, Unalakleet, Shaktoolik, Koyuk, Elim, Golovin, White Mountain and Solomon. Construction has also begun on an 18-mile road segment connecting Koyuk to Six Mile Point. There is no dock in the village, but the city has received funding from NSEDC for a fisherman's floating dock. There is a state-owned airport with a gravel runway; improvements are needed to bring the runway up to the standard minimum length of 4,000 feet. Daily flights are accommodated between Nome and Unalakleet.
- State Ferry
- Cargo Barge
- Road Connection