2nd Class City
in the Wade Hampton Census Area
- Area Type
- Current Population
- Population Comment
- 2013 DCCED Certified Estimate
- Pronunciation/Other Names
- (hoo' pur); a.k.a. Naparyarmiut and Hooper
- Census Designated Place (CDP)
- Borough/Census Area FIPS Code
- Place FIPS
Election, Recording, and Judicial Districts
- Senate District
- House District
- Judicial District
- Recording District
Facilities and Amenities
- Municipal Facilities & Utilities
- Watering Points, Flush/ Haul, Washeteria, Landfill, Dock, Police, State Funded Public Safety Officer(VPSO), Volunteer Fire, Bingo, Roads, Building Rentals, Equipment Rentals
Geography and Climate
- Hooper Bay is located 20 miles south of Cape Romanzof and 25 miles south of Scammon Bay in the Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta. The city is separated into two sections: a heavily built-up townsite located on gently rolling hills and a newer section in the lowlands. Hooper Bay is located 500 miles west of Anchorage.
- Community Map Available
- Map URL
- Sq Mi Land
- Sq Mi Water
- The climate in Hooper Bay is maritime. The mean annual snowfall is 75 inches, with total precipitation of 16 inches. Temperatures range between -25 and 79 °F. Winter ice pack and winds often promote severe conditions. The Bering Sea is ice-free from late June through October.
History and Culture
- "Askinuk" or "Askinaghamiut" are the early Eskimo names for Hooper Bay. The village was first reported in 1878 by E.W. Nelson of the U.S. Signal Service. The 1890 Census found 138 persons living in 14 homes. The name Hooper Bay came into common usage after a post office with this name was established in 1934. The present-day Eskimo name "Naparyarmiut" is derived from the Napareayak slough - thus the Yupik village name Naparyarmiut means residents of Hooper Bay. The city government was incorporated in 1966.
- Hooper Bay is a large traditional Yup'ik Eskimo community. Commercial fishing and subsistence activities are the primary means of support. Members of the Village of Paimiut also live in Hooper Bay. A 1,352 square foot Youth and Elder Cultural Center was completed during the summer of 2006; the center provides an area for teaching crafts, marketing, gatherings, and language. The facility is used to teach traditional and cultural activities such as subsistence living and survival to the younger generation.
- Indigenous Language
- Central Yup'ik
- Federally Recognized Tribe
- Name of Federally Recognized Tribe
- Native Village of Hooper Bay
- Local Option Restrictions
- Ban sale and importation of alcohol.
- Incorporation Type
- 2nd Class City
- Public Education
- Not permitted to provide this service.
- Planning, Platting and Land Use Regulation
- Not required to exercise the powers in any circumstance, but may be permitted in all cases in the manner described for first class cities.
- Property Tax Powers
- May tax up to 20 mills, except where a higher levy is required to avoid default. Voter approval required.
- Sales Tax Powers
- No limit on the rate of levy of sales taxes; however, voter approval is required.
- Other Powers Not Prohibited
- May exercise other powers not prohibited by law.
- City Council or Assembly Composition and Apportionment
- 7 members elected at-large, except the council may provide for election other than at-large.
- Election and Term of Mayor
- Elected from the city council for a 1-year term, unless a longer term is provided by ordinance. Mayor selected by council (or by voters upon adoption of ordinance).
- Vote by Mayor
- Votes on all matters.
- Veto Power of the Mayor
- Does not have veto power.
- Power of Eminent Domain
- Permitted, but requires voter approval.
- Ability to Attain Home-Rule Status
- May not adopt home-rule charter without first reclassifying to a first-class city.
- Residents of Hooper Bay rely on air and water transportation. Groceries and small items are shipped in year round by air mail. Snow machines and ATVs are the primarily used for land transportation within the community and to nearby villages. A paved runway is operated by the state of Alaska. Barge lines deliver shipments of fuel and other bulk supplies throughout the summer. A fishing dock is available. Skiffs are used during summer for local transportation. Winter trails exist to Scammon Bay (32 mi), Chevak (20 mi), and Paimiut (14 mi). In 2011, community was awarded grant funds for building an access road to a new wind turbines. At the same time, enhancements were made to 3.5 miles of ATV trails through a cooperative project with the National Park Service. The city has plans for an aiprot improvement project, a new small boat harbor and docking area with constuction scheduled to begin in 2015.
- State Ferry
- Cargo Barge
- Road Connection