in the Southeast Fairbanks Census Area
- Area Type
- Current Population
- Population Comment
- 2013 Department of Labor Estimate
- Pronunciation/Other Names
- Census Designated Place (CDP)
- Borough/Census Area FIPS Code
- Place FIPS
Fisheries Participation and Earnings
- Number of Commercial Fishing Permits Issued
- CDQ Participant
- CQE Eligible
Election, Recording, and Judicial Districts
- Senate District
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- Judicial District
Facilities and Amenities
Geography and Climate
- Deltana is southeast of Delta Junction on the Alaska Highway, near the convergence of the Richardson and Alaska Highways, approximately 100 miles southeast of Fairbanks. It lies at the foot of Panoramic Peak.
- Community Map Available
- Sq Mi Land
- Sq Mi Water
- This area of Interior Alaska experiences seasonal extremes. The average low temperature in January is -11 °F. The average high during July is 69 °F. Temperature extremes ranging from a low of -63 to a high of 92 °F have been recorded. Average annual liquid equivalent precipitation is 12 inches, with an average annual snowfall of 37 inches.
History and Culture
- Tanana Athabascan Indians occupied this site throughout most of the 19th and early 20th centuries. The peak of the Alaska gold rush was between 1898 and 1903. In 1899, the army sent parties to investigate the Susitna, Matanuska, and Copper River valleys to find the best route for a trail north from Valdez, through the Copper River Valley. By 1901, the army had completed the Trans-Alaska Military Road, which extended from Valdez to Eagle City. In 1902, gold was discovered in the Tanana Valley, and, shortly after, a spur trail was created from Gulkana on the Valdez-Eagle route to the new mining camp in Fairbanks. This trail became the Valdez-Fairbanks Trail. Ongoing mining activity just north of Delta Junction in the Tenderfoot area and the Chisana Gold Strike of 1913 brought many prospectors and other travelers through the area. It became known as Buffalo Center in 1927 for the American bison that were transplanted there in the 1920s. In 1942, construction of the Alaska Highway began, and a military base (later Ft. Greely) was completed 5 miles to the south. In 1946, a dairy farm was established; beef cattle were brought in during 1953 by homesteaders. Construction of the Trans-Alaska Pipeline between 1974 and 1977 brought a dramatic upswing to the population and economy. In 1978, the state began Delta Agricultural Project I, creating 22 farms averaging 2,700 acres each. In 1982, the Delta II project formed 15 additional farms, averaging more than 1,600 acres each. Tracts of 2,000 to 3,600 acres were sold by lottery, and state loans were made available to purchase and clear the land. The 70,000-acre Delta Bison Range was created in 1980 to confine the bison and keep them out of the barley fields.
- Deltana is a relatively large area. Residents are primarily non-Native.
- Federally Recognized Tribe
- Deltana is accessible by the Alaska and Richardson Highways. Buses provide transportation to Fairbanks and Whitehorse. The City of Delta Junction airstrip is located nearby. There are five other privately-owned airstrips in the vicinity. Snowmobiles are used for recreation.
- State Ferry
- Cargo Barge
- Road Connection