2nd Class City
in the Wade Hampton Census Area
- Area Type
- Current Population
- Population Comment
- 2013 DCCED Certified Estimate
- Pronunciation/Other Names
- (noo' nam ick' wa); formerly Sheldon Point
- Census Designated Place (CDP)
- Borough/Census Area FIPS Code
- Place FIPS
Election, Recording, and Judicial Districts
- Senate District
- House District
- Judicial District
- Recording District
Facilities and Amenities
- Municipal Facilities & Utilities
- Watering Point, Water and Sewar, Washeteria, Landfill, City Complex, Post Office, Equipment Rental, Electric Company, City Fuel Sales, Store
Geography and Climate
- Nunam Iqua is on a south fork of the Yukon River, about 9 miles south of Alakanuk and 18 miles southwest of Emmonak on the Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta. It lies 500 miles northwest of Anchorage.
- Community Map Available
- Map URL
- Sq Mi Land
- Sq Mi Water
- The climate is maritime, averaging 60 inches of snowfall and 18 inches of precipitation per year. Temperatures range from -25 to 78 °F. Heavy winds in the fall and winter often limit accessibility. The Bering Sea is ice-free from mid-June through October.
History and Culture
- Nunam Iqua was historically the location of summer fish camps, due to its location near the Black River. In Yup'ik, the name means "end of the tundra." A man called Sheldon owned and operated a fish saltery at the site in the late 30s and early 40s. The saltery was later operated by Northern Commercial Company. The village was first measured in 1950 by the U.S. Census, which recorded a population of 43 residents. The City of Sheldon Point was formed in 1974. In November 1999, residents voted to change the city name to the City of Nunam Iqua.
- Commercial fishing and subsistence activities are the means of support in this Yup'ik Eskimo village.
- Indigenous Language
- Central Yup'ik
- Federally Recognized Tribe
- Name of Federally Recognized Tribe
- Native Village of Nunam Iqua
- Local Option Restrictions
- Ban sale, importation, and possession of alcohol.
- Incorporation Type
- 2nd Class City
- Public Education
- Not permitted to provide this service.
- Planning, Platting and Land Use Regulation
- Not required to exercise the powers in any circumstance, but may be permitted in all cases in the manner described for first class cities.
- Property Tax Powers
- May tax up to 20 mills, except where a higher levy is required to avoid default. Voter approval required.
- Sales Tax Powers
- No limit on the rate of levy of sales taxes; however, voter approval is required.
- Other Powers Not Prohibited
- May exercise other powers not prohibited by law.
- City Council or Assembly Composition and Apportionment
- 7 members elected at-large, except the council may provide for election other than at-large.
- Election and Term of Mayor
- Elected from the city council for a 1-year term, unless a longer term is provided by ordinance. Mayor selected by council (or by voters upon adoption of ordinance).
- Vote by Mayor
- Votes on all matters.
- Veto Power of the Mayor
- Does not have veto power.
- Power of Eminent Domain
- Permitted, but requires voter approval.
- Ability to Attain Home-Rule Status
- May not adopt home-rule charter without first reclassifying to a first-class city.
- Nunam Iqua has easy access by boat and barge. It has a state-owned and operated gravel airstrip. Float planes can land at Kwemeluk Pass. In the winter, snow machines serve as the primary mode of inter-village transportation.
- State Ferry
- Cargo Barge
- Road Connection