2nd Class City
in the Southeast Fairbanks Census Area
- Area Type
- Current Population
- Population Comment
- 2013 DCCED Certified Estimate
- Census Designated Place (CDP)
- Borough/Census Area FIPS Code
- Place FIPS
Election, Recording, and Judicial Districts
- Senate District
- House District
- Judicial District
- Recording District
Facilities and Amenities
- Municipal Facilities & Utilities
- Watering Point, Volunteer Fire/EMS/Ambulance, Roads, Recreation
Geography and Climate
- The City of Eagle and Eagle Village are located on the Taylor Highway, 6 miles west of the Alaska-Canadian border. Eagle is on the left bank of the Yukon River at the mouth of Mission Creek. The Yukon-Charley Rivers National Preserve is northwest of the area.
- Interior Alaska experiences seasonal temperature extremes. January temperatures average -22 to -2 °F but can range as low as -60 °F; July temperatures average 50 to 72 °F. Average annual precipitation is 11.3 inches. Ice fog occurs during long cold spells.
- Community Map Available
- Sq Mi Land
- Sq Mi Water
History and Culture
- The area has been the historical home to Han Kutchin Indians. Established as a log house trading station called "Belle Isle" around 1874, it operated intermittently as a supply and trading center for miners working the upper Yukon and its tributaries. Eagle City was founded in 1897 and was named after the nesting eagles on nearby Eagle Bluff. By 1898, the population had grown to over 1,700. A U.S. Army camp was established in 1899, and Fort Egbert was completed in 1900. Eagle became the first incorporated city in the Interior in January 1901. The Valdez-Eagle Telegraph line was completed in 1903. By 1910, Fairbanks and Nome gold prospects had lured away many, and the population had declined to 178. Fort Egbert was abandoned in 1911.
- The adjacent Eagle Village is home to Alaska Natives. Subsistence activities are part of the lifestyle.
- Federally Recognized Tribe
- Incorporation Type
- 2nd Class City
- Public Education
- Not permitted to provide this service.
- Planning, Platting and Land Use Regulation
- Not required to exercise the powers in any circumstance, but may be permitted in all cases in the manner described for first class cities.
- Property Tax Powers
- May tax up to 20 mills, except where a higher levy is required to avoid default. Voter approval required.
- Sales Tax Powers
- No limit on the rate of levy of sales taxes; however, voter approval is required.
- Other Powers Not Prohibited
- May exercise other powers not prohibited by law.
- City Council or Assembly Composition and Apportionment
- 7 members elected at-large, except the council may provide for election other than at-large.
- Election and Term of Mayor
- Elected from the city council for a 1-year term, unless a longer term is provided by ordinance. Mayor selected by council (or by voters upon adoption of ordinance).
- Vote by Mayor
- Votes on all matters.
- Veto Power of the Mayor
- Does not have veto power.
- Power of Eminent Domain
- Permitted, but requires voter approval.
- Ability to Attain Home-Rule Status
- May not adopt home-rule charter without first reclassifying to a first-class city.
- Eagle has access to the state road system and Canada only during summer months via the Taylor and Top of the World Highways. It's located 370 miles by road from Fairbanks, or 198 air miles. A state-owned gravel airstrip is available; flights originate from Fairbanks. Goods are shipped in by air during the winter months. The community is located on the banks of the Yukon River and some residents own boats.
- State Ferry
- Cargo Barge
- Road Connection